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Visa lawyer bot pledges to ‘help immigrants make America great again’

A United States flag painted on the wall in the Chinatown neighborhood of San Francisco

A bot that helps people complete visa applications to enter the United States has launched in the aftermath of the U.S. presidential election. Available in beta on Facebook Messenger, Visabot helps complete the kinds of visa applications typically sought by skilled tech workers and startup founders.

“Our slogan is ‘We help immigrants make America great again’ because we believe that actually America was built by immigrants, and of course it’s kind of stupid to think the problem here [U.S.] is too many immigrants are coming here,” said Visabot founder Artem Goldman. Prior to the launch of Visabot last Friday, Goldman created a marketplace for legal consultation in Russia. Helping exceptionally talented people get to Silicon Valley supports innovation in the U.S. and the person’s country of origin, Goldman said.

“We believe that actually the people that can change their country and go to America, that’s the most talented and enthusiastic people actually, and of course America should still invite them and give all opportunities to be here and to build the economy,” he said.

A 2010 report found that roughly 40 percent of Fortune 500 tech companies were created by immigrants or the children of immigrants.

In other words, to make Google you need both Larry Page and Sergey Brin, the son of immigrants from the former Soviet Union, and to create Apple, you don’t just need Steve Wozniak. You also need Steve Jobs, the son of a Syrian immigrant.

By Friday, the Southern Poverty Law Center said it had received more than 200 reports of hate speech pointed toward immigrants, people of color, and people of the Muslim faith since the election of Donald Trump. Speaking with 60 Minutes Sunday, Trump said the crimes should stop.

Visabot was not launched to make a political statement, and was not created to assist in the legal protection of people in the United States illegally, Goldman said. Rather, it’s intended to help reduce lawyer fees for people who want to apply for O-1 visas for exceptional individuals, B-2 visa extensions for tourism or business, and soon H-1B and L-1 visas for skilled workers.

On Sunday, President-Elect Trump vowed to deport up to three million people in the country illegally.

It’s unclear how H-1B temporary work visas will fluctuate in a Trump administration or Republican-controlled Congress, but Trump began his campaign by making immigration a signature issue.

“I will end forever the use of the H-1B as a cheap labour program, and institute an absolute requirement to hire American workers first for every visa and immigration program. No exceptions,” Trump said in March 2015.

No U.S. law currently requires employers to consider U.S. candidates before a foreign worker.

In recent years trough groups like FWD.us, companies like Facebook have argued that the U.S. workforce alone does not provide the technical skills their companies need to succeed.

The number of H1-B visas issued by the U.S. government increased steadily in recent years, from 135,000 in 2012 to 172,000 in 2015.

Using money collected from H-1B application fees, the president also created the TechHire program to offer job training and coding bootcamps to U.S. citizens interested in entry level IT jobs.

As a startup founder from Russia, Goldman has gone through the process of getting visas from the U.S. government. Over time, he said, he found that meetings with lawyers had less to do with legal advice and more to do with repetitive tasks and filling out forms. To complete the administrative tasks, Visabot asks users a series of questions, fills out the appropriate forms, then supplies instructions on how to send final documents to United States Customs and Immigration Services (USCIS).

Working with Fido.ai and natural language processing, before its launch, Visabot’s creators worked with legal professionals to review more than 100 visa applications. Those insights were incorporated into Visabot’s machine learning, Goldman said. Visabot will become smarter and more intuitive with time as more data underlying AI analyzes is voluntary reported by Visabot users.

“We worked with immigration law firm and we took cases without names to analyze it and which scenarios get the most success rate of the visa so what you need to put in the cover letter, how you need to correctly ask questions, that’s what we’re trying to grow with our bot,” Goldman said.

Questions the bot fails to answer can be discussed on Skype with Visabot immigration lawyers. First session is free, Goldman said.

Bots have kicked up a lot of dust in the legal arena this year.

Last month, a group of scientists and legal professionals created an artificial intelligence tool trained by the case text of hundreds of trials. The group found that its AI is able to correctly predict the outcome in four of five human rights cases heard by the European Court of Human Rights.

Do Not Pay bot helps people in New York, London, and Seattle challenge traffic tickets, has saved consumers millions of dollars and pounds since its launch last year. Creator Joshua Browder is currently working on a voice-enabled bot that will help refugees draft asylum letters.

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Existing EV batteries could be recharged five times faster

Lithium-ion batteries have massively improved in the last half-decade, but there are still issues. The biggest, especially for EVs, is that charging takes too long to make them as useful as regular cars for highway driving. Researchers from the University of Warwick (WMG) have discovered that we may not need to be so patient, though. They developed a new type of sensor that measures internal battery temperatures and discovered that we can probably recharge them up to five times quicker without overheating problems.

Overcharging a lithium-ion battery anode can lead to lithium buildup, which can break through a battery's separator, create a short-circuit and cause catastrophic failure. That can cause the electrolyte to emit gases and literally blow up the battery, so manufacturers impose strict charging power limits to prevent it.

Those limits are based on hard-to-measure internal temperatures, however, which is where the WMG probe comes in. It's a fiber optic sensor, protected by a chemical layer that can be directly inserted into a lithium-ion cell to give highly precise thermal measurements without affecting its performance.

The team tested the sensor on standard 18650 li-ion cells, used in Tesla's Model S and X, among other EVs. They discovered that they can be charged five times faster than previously thought without damage. Such speeds would reduce battery life, but if used judiciously, the impact would be minimized, said lead researcher Dr. Tazdin Amietszajew.

Faster charging as always comes at the expense of overall battery life but many consumers would welcome the ability to charge a vehicle battery quickly when short journey times are required and then to switch to standard charge periods at other times.

There's still some work to do. While the research showed the li-ion cells can support higher temperatures, EVs and charging systems would have to have "precisely tuned profiles/limits" to prevent problems. It's also not clear how battery makers would install the sensors in the cells.

Nevertheless, it shows a lot of promise for much faster charging speeds in the near future. Even if battery capacities stayed the same, charging in 5 minutes instead of 25 could flip a lot of drivers over to the green side.

Via: Clean Technica

Source: University of Warwick