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Guide to Windows 10 Task Manager – Part I

Ever had a program freeze on you that refuses to close or disappear? One annoying problem is when a poorly written application crashes and refuses to be shut down. Or maybe you’ve noticed that your computer is suddenly running very slow, but there’s no clear indication as to why? In that case, you might have a process running on your system that is hogging all of the CPU time or taking up loads of memory.

Well, the Windows Task Manager can help you out in some of these situations to determine the cause and to kill the problem application. First off, the purpose of the task manger is to provide computer performance information along with details about currently running programs, processes and services. It also provides the ability to monitor your network traffic if you are connected to a network.

Opening Task Manager

So let’s get started with learning about this very useful tool in Windows 10. You can get to the Task Manager in a few ways:

1. Press Ctrl + Shift + ESC while holding each key down. Just like you would do Ctrl + Alt + Delete, which I think most people have done by now.

2. The other way is to press the second key combination mentioned above, Ctrl + Alt + Delete, and then clicking on the Task Manger link.

3. Press Windows Key + X or right-click on the Start button and you’ll get the power menu, which has a link to the task manager.

Task Manager Overiew

Now you should see the Task Manager dialog on your computer screen. By default, in Windows 10, you’ll see the slimmed down version, which just gives you a list of running applications.

To close a non-responsive program, simply click on it and click on End Task button. Since most people will really only use the task manager for this purpose, Microsoft decided to hide all of the extra details unless someone really wants to see it.

Since we want to see more than just the running apps on our computer, click on More details. This will bring up the task manager with all the tabs.

Processes, Details & Services Tabs

By default, the Processes tab will be shown. The list of processes is broken down into three main categories: Apps, Background processes and Windows processes. Apps will give you a list of all the currently running programs on your PC. These are the ones that show up on your taskbar or in the system tray.

Background processes are all Windows Store apps and third-party apps running on the system. Some of the processes here you might see running in the system tray. Most of the others are background processes that will sit idly until you open the program or when a scheduled task runs.

The Windows processes section consists of all the core processes that are needed for Windows 10 to run properly. It mostly consists of many Service Host (svchost.exe) processes. I’ve written previously about how svchost.exe can sometimes cause high CPU usage, but to solve the problem you have to know which Windows service is running inside that particular svchost.exe process.

You can use this tab to get detailed resource usage info for each process running on the system. It’s a quick way to diagnose a slow computer if one process is taking up 95% of your CPU, for example. Or if one program is causing your disk usage to up to 100%, you’ll be able to see it here.

The Processes tab is also good for restarting Explorer. All you have to do is right-click on Windows Explorer and choose Restart. In previous versions of Windows, you had to kill the process and then run a new explorer.exe task, which was a pain.

When you right-click on a process, you’ll get a list of actions you can perform on that process.

You can end the task, create a dump file, go to details, open the file location, search online or see the properties. End task will go ahead and kill the process. Create dump file is only used by developers and you’ll never need to worry about it. Go to details will take you to the Details tab, where you can see the process ID.

Under the Description heading, you’ll get more information about the company or program that is associated with that process. Another good option is the Search online link. If you’re not sure what a process does or where it came from, click Search online and it will perform a search for that EXE file along with the description. Open file location is useful if you want to know the location of the EXE file on your computer.

Finally, while on the Details tab, if you right-click on a process, you’ll also see an option to go to the services tab. Note that you can set the priority and set affinity for the process here. You should never really change these values for any process unless you know what you are doing.

If the process has a service associated with it, it will bring you to the Services tab and highlight that particular service. However, not all processes have a service associated with them.

Here you can right-click to start or stop a service and you can also open the Services console from here. This screen will show you all services on the system and show you which ones are running and which ones are stopped.

Hopefully, that gave you a good overview of the Task Manager in Windows 10 and what it can be used for. In Part II, we’ll talk about the Performance, App History, Startup and Users tabs. Enjoy!

 

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About Ms. A. C. Kennedy

Ms. A. C. Kennedy
My name is Ms A C Kennedy and I am a Health practitioner and Consultant by day and a serial blogger by night. I luv family, life and learning new things. I especially luv learning how to improve my business. I also luv helping and sharing my information with others. Don't forget to ask me anything!

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Existing EV batteries could be recharged five times faster

Lithium-ion batteries have massively improved in the last half-decade, but there are still issues. The biggest, especially for EVs, is that charging takes too long to make them as useful as regular cars for highway driving. Researchers from the University of Warwick (WMG) have discovered that we may not need to be so patient, though. They developed a new type of sensor that measures internal battery temperatures and discovered that we can probably recharge them up to five times quicker without overheating problems.

Overcharging a lithium-ion battery anode can lead to lithium buildup, which can break through a battery's separator, create a short-circuit and cause catastrophic failure. That can cause the electrolyte to emit gases and literally blow up the battery, so manufacturers impose strict charging power limits to prevent it.

Those limits are based on hard-to-measure internal temperatures, however, which is where the WMG probe comes in. It's a fiber optic sensor, protected by a chemical layer that can be directly inserted into a lithium-ion cell to give highly precise thermal measurements without affecting its performance.

The team tested the sensor on standard 18650 li-ion cells, used in Tesla's Model S and X, among other EVs. They discovered that they can be charged five times faster than previously thought without damage. Such speeds would reduce battery life, but if used judiciously, the impact would be minimized, said lead researcher Dr. Tazdin Amietszajew.

Faster charging as always comes at the expense of overall battery life but many consumers would welcome the ability to charge a vehicle battery quickly when short journey times are required and then to switch to standard charge periods at other times.

There's still some work to do. While the research showed the li-ion cells can support higher temperatures, EVs and charging systems would have to have "precisely tuned profiles/limits" to prevent problems. It's also not clear how battery makers would install the sensors in the cells.

Nevertheless, it shows a lot of promise for much faster charging speeds in the near future. Even if battery capacities stayed the same, charging in 5 minutes instead of 25 could flip a lot of drivers over to the green side.

Via: Clean Technica

Source: University of Warwick

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